Infertility and Its Causes


Infertility amongst men and women is rapidly increasing in today’s world. The ability to have children is a gift that many do not receive. There was a time when there was no cure for infertility however with advancement in medical science; it has become possible to experience the Joy of parenthood.

Causes of Infertility in Women

If a woman is unable to conceive, there can be various causes behind it.

  • Age: as a woman’s age increases, the number of eggs produced in the ovaries are reduced, thus reducing chances of fertilization and pregnancy.
  • Hormonal problems can cause infertility.
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS is a common reason behind infertility.
  • Sometimes the fallopian tubes of a woman are damaged due to pelvic infections or surgeries and endometriosis.

Causes of Infertility in Men

Male factor as a cause of infertility accounts to about 35% of infertility patients. A male infertility factor is often defined by abnormal semen parameters but may be present even when the semen analysis is normal. Male infertility can be due to a variety of conditions.

  • Hormonal imbalance in men might result in low sperm production and ultimately infertility.
  • Low sperm motility.
  • At birth, if either one or even both of the testicles do not descend from the abdomen to the scrotum, then that might hamper sperm production.
  • Tumours, both benign and malignant, can adversely affect the reproductive organs in the male.

These are some of the common causes of infertility. If you think you or your partner might be suffering from infertility, do visit a fertility clinic and get yourselves checked.